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巴利语词库总词条数504,000多条,2012年7月4日完成。
 

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◎ PTS P-E Dictionary

-r-

-R-,the letter (or sound) r,used as euphonic consonant to avoid hiatus. The sandhi --r- originates from the final r of nouns in °ir & °ur of the Vedic period. In Pali it is felt as euphonic consonant only,like other sandhi consonants (y for instance) which in the older language were part of the noun itself. Thus r even where it is legitimate in a word may interchange with other sandhi-consonants in the same word,as we find punam-eva and puna-d-eva besides the original puna-r-eva (=Vedic punar eva). At J.I,403 we read “punar āgata,” where the C. expls “puna āgata,ra-kāro sandhivasena vutto.” Similarly:Sn.81 (vutti-r-esā),214 (thambho-r.-iva),625=Dh.401 (āragge-r-iva),679 (ati-r-iva),687 (sarada-r-iva),1134 (haṁsa-r-iva); Vv 6422 (Vajir’āvudho-r-iva); Pv.II,87 (puna-r-eva) II.116 (id.); PvA.77 (su-r-abhigandha). In the latter cause the r has no historical origin,as little as in the phrase dhir atthu (for *dhig-atthu) Sn.440; J.I,59. (Page 560)

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-r-

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