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巴利语词库总词条数504,000多条,2012年7月4日完成。
 

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◎ 《パーリ语辞典》

Bhikkhu

bhikkhu:m.[Sk.bhikṣu<bhikkhati ] 比丘,苾芻,乞者,乞食者.(sg.) nom.voc.bhikkhu; acc.bhikkhuṃ,bhikkhunaṃ; dat.gen.bhikkhuno,bhikkhussa; instr.bhikkhunā; (pl.) nom.bhikkhū,bhikkhavo; voc.bhikkhave,bhikkhavo; dat.gen.bhikkhūnaṃ,bhikkhunaṃ; instr.bhikkhūhi; loc.bhikkhūsu,bhikkhusu.-gga(-agga) 比丘への等配分.-bhāva 比丘性.-bhūmi 比丘地.-saṅgha 比丘僧伽,比丘僧,比丘衆.-sīla 比丘戒.

◎ 《巴利语汇解》

Bhikkhu

bhikkhu:比库。巴利语的音译,有行乞者、持割截衣者、见怖畏等义。即于世尊正法、律中出家、受具足戒的男子。
在《律藏·巴拉基咖》中解释:
“Bhikkhū’ti bhikkhako’ti bhikkhu, bhikkhācariyaṃ ajjhupagato’ti bhikkhu, bhinnapaṭadharo’ti bhikkhu."
“比库者,乞讨者为比库,遵从于行乞者为比库,持割截衣者为比库。"(Pr.45)
《清净道论》中说:
“Bhikkhū’ti saṃsāre bhayaṃ ikkhaṇatāya vā bhinnapaṭadharāditāya vā evaṃ laddhavohāro saddhāpabbajito kulaputto."
“比库者,以见到轮回的怖畏,或持割截衣等,获得这样名称的信心出家的良家之子。"(Vm.14)
汉传佛教依梵语bhikùu音译为比丘、苾刍等,含有破恶、怖魔、乞士等义。其音、义皆与巴利语有所不同。
现在使用“比库"指称巴利语传承的佛世比库僧众及南传上座部比库僧众;而使用“比丘"“比丘尼"指称源自梵语系统的北传僧尼。

◎ 《巴利语汇解》

Bhikkhu

bhikkhu:比库, (古音译:)比丘,苾刍

◎ 《巴汉词典》

Bhikkhu

Bhikkhu,【阳】 比丘。 ~ṇī,【阴】 比丘尼。 ~bhāva,【阳】 僧侣。 ~saṅgha,【阳】 比丘僧团。(p243)

◎ 《巴汉词典》

Bhikkhu

Bhikkhu,(Sk.bhiksu,‹bhiks乞讨),【阳】比丘(比丘必须遵守227条波罗提木叉戒及许多微细戒),苾蒭。bhikkhuṇī,【阴】比丘尼。bhikkhubhāva,【阳】僧侣。bhikkhusaṅgha,【阳】比丘僧团。Pārā.III,24.︰Bhikkhūti (1)bhikkhakoti bhikkhu,(2)bhikkhācariyaṁ ajjhupagatoti bhikkhu,(3)bhinnapaṭadharoti bhikkhu,(4)samaññāya bhikkhu,(5)paṭiññāya bhikkhu,(6)ehi bhikkhūti bhikkhu,(7)tīhi saraṇagamanehi upasampannoti bhikkhu,(8)bhadro bhikkhu,(9)sāro bhikkhu,(10)sekho bhikkhu,(11)asekho bhikkhu,(12)samaggena saṅghena ñatticatutthena kammena akuppena ṭhānārahena upasampannoti bhikkhu. Tatra yvāyaṁ bhikkhu samaggena saṅghena ñatticatutthena kammena akuppena ṭhānārahena upasampanno,ayaṁ imasmiṁ atthe adhippeto bhikkhūti.(比丘︰(1)乞求比丘、(2)从事乞食比丘、(3)穿割截衣比丘、(4)沙弥(充当)比丘、(5)自称比丘、(6)善来比丘、(7)由三归依受具比丘、(8)贤善比丘、(9)真实比丘、(10)有学比丘、(11)无学比丘、(12)由和合僧依白四羯摩之无过失、应理受具比丘。此中比丘,依和合僧,白四羯摩,无异议通过受具,即此处所谓的比丘。)Vism.16.︰ Bhikkhūti saṁsāre bhayaṁ ikkhaṇatāya vā bhinnapaṭadharāditāya vā evaṁ laddhavohāro saddhāpabbajito kulaputto.(比丘︰以应见到轮回的怖畏(saṁsāre bhayaṁ ikkhaṇatāya),或应持割截衣等(bhinnapaṭadharāditāya),获得信心出家的良家子这样的名称。)

◎ 《巴利语字汇》

Bhikkhu

bhikkhu: 禅修者、比丘

◎ 《巴英术语汇编》

Bhikkhu

Bhikkhu:比丘、乞士。

◎ 《巴汉佛学辞汇》

Bhikkhu

Bhikkhu:比丘

◎ Pali Myanmar Dictionary

Bhikkhu

bhikkhu:bhikkhu(pu)
ဘိကၡဳ(ပု)
[bhikkha+rū.ka.535.bhidi+rū.bhī+ikkha+rū.kilese bhindatītibhikkhu.chinnabhinnapa3dharotipi bhikkhu,bhikkhanasīlotipi bhikkhu.saṃsāre bhayaṃ ikkhatiç ikkhanasīloti vā bhikkhu.nīti,dhā.369.abhi,vi.254.vi,ṭṭha,1.2va4.saṃ,ṭṭha,1.244.abhi,ṭṭha,2.316.visuddhi,1.3.peta,ṭṭha.48.netti,ṭṭha.42.thī-niteabhikkhunī (bhikkhusaṃ)]
[ဘိကၡ+႐ူ။ ကစၥည္း။ ၅၃၅။ ဘိဒိ+႐ူ။ ဘီ+ဣကၡ+႐ူ။ ကိေလေသ ဘိႏၵတီတိဘိကၡဳ။ ဆိႏၷဘိႏၷပ၃ဓေရာတိပိ ဘိကၡဳ၊ ဘိကၡနသီေလာတိပိ ဘိကၡဳ။ သံသာေရ ဘယံ ဣကၡတိ,ဣကၡနသီေလာတိ ဝါ ဘိကၡဳ။ နီတိ၊ ဓာ။ ၃၆၉။ အဘိ၊ ဝိ။ ၂၅၄။ ဝိ၊ ႒၊ ၁။ ၂ဝ၄။ သံ၊ ႒၊ ၁။ ၂၄၄။ အဘိ၊ ႒၊ ၂။ ၃၁၆။ ဝိသုဒၶိ၊ ၁။ ၃။ ေပတ၊ ႒။ ၄၈။ ေနတၱိ၊ ႒။ ၄၂။ ထီ-၌ဘိကၡဳနီ (ဘိကၡဳသံ)]

◎ Buddhist Dictionary

Bhikkhu

bhikkhu:A fully ordained disciple of the Buddha is called a bhikkhu."Mendicant monk" may be suggested as the closest equivalent for "Bhikkhu",literally it means "he who begs" but bhikkhus do not beg.They silently stand at the door for alms.They live on what is spontaneously given by the supporters.He is not a priest as he is no mediator between God and man.He has no vows for life,but he is bound by his rules which he takes of his own accord.He leads a life of voluntary poverty and celibacy.If he is unable to live the Holy Life,he can discard the robe at any time.

◎ Concise P-E Dictionary

Bhikkhu

bhikkhu:[m.] a Buddhist monk.

◎ PTS P-E Dictionary

Bhikkhu

Bhikkhu,[cp.later Sk.bhikṣu,fr.bhikṣ] an almsman,a mendicant,a Buddhist monk or priest,a bhikkhu.‹-› Nom.sg.bhikkhu freq.passim; Vin.III,40 (vuḍḍhapabbajita); A.I,78 (thera bh.,an elder bh.; and nava bh.a young bh.); III,299 (id.); IV,25 (id.); Sn.276,360,411 sq.,915 sq.,1041,1104; Dh.31,266 sq.,364 sq.,378; Vv 801; Acc.bhikkhuṁ Vin.III,174; Dh.362,& bhikkhunaṁ Sn.87,88,513; Gen.Dat.bhikkhuno A.I,274; Sn.221,810,961; Dh.373; Pv.I,1010; & bhikkhussa A.I,230; Vin.III,175; Instr.bhikkhunā Sn.389.pl.Nom.bhikkhū Vin.II,150; III,175; D.III,123; Vism.152 (in sim.); VbhA.305 (compared with amaccaputtā) & bhikkhavo Sn.384,573; Dh.243,283; Acc.bhikkhu Sn.p.78; M.I,84; Vv 2210; & bhikkhavo Sn.384,573; Gen.Dat.bhikkhūnaṁ Vin.III,285; D.III,264; Sn.1015; Pv.II,17; & bhikkhunaṁ S.I,190; Th.1,1231; Instr.bhikkhūhi Vin.III,175; Loc.bhikkhūsu A.IV,25,& bhikkhusu Th.1,241,1207; Dh.73; Voc.bhikkhave (a Māgadhī form of Nom.bhikkhavaḥ) Vin.III,175; Sn.p.78; VvA.127; PvA.8,39,166; & bhikkhavo Sn.280,385.

There are several allegorical etymologies (definitions) of the word bhikkhu,which occur frequently in the commentaries.All are fanciful interpretations of the idea of what a bhikkhu is or should be,and these qualities were sought and found in the word itself.Thus we mention here the foll.(a) bhikkhu=bhinnakilesa (“one who has broken the stains" i.e.of bad character) VbhA.328; VvA.29,114,310; PvA.51.‹-› (b) Another more explicit expln is “sattannaṁ dhammānaṁ bhinnattā bhikkhu" (because of the breaking or destroying of 7 things,viz.the 7 bad qualities,leading to rebirth,consisting of sakkāyadiṭṭhi,vicikicchā,sīlabbata-parāmāsa,rāga,dosa,moha,māna).This def.at Nd1 70=Nd2 477a.-- (c) Whereas in a & b the first syllable bhi(-kkhu) is referred to bhid,in this def.it is referred to bhī (to fear),with the further reference of (bh-) ikkh(u) to īkṣ (to see),and bhikkhu defined as “saṁsāre bhayaṁ ikkhati ti bh." Vism.3,16 (saṁsāre bhayaṁ ikkhaṇatāya vā bhinna-paṭa-dharaditāya vā).-- A very comprehensive def.of the term is found at Vbh.245--246,where bhikkhu-ship is established on the ground of 18 qualities (beginning with samaññāya bhikkhu,paṭiññāya bh.,bhikkhatī ti bh.,bhikkhako ti bh.,bhikkhācariyaṁ ajjhupagato ti bh.,bhinna-paṭa-dharo ti bh.,bhindati pāpake dhamme ti bh.,bhinnattā pāpakānaṁ dhammānan ti bh.etc.etc.).-- This passage is expld in detail at VbhA.327,328.-- Two kinds of bhikkhus are distinguished at Ps.I,176; Nd1 465=Nd2 477b,viz.kalyāṇa[--ka-]puthujjana (a layman of good character) and sekkha (one in training),for which latter the term paṭilīnacara (one who lives in elimination,i.e.in keeping away from the dangers of worldly life) is given at Nd1 130 (on Sn.810).

--gatika a person who associates with the bhikkhus (in the Vihāra) Vin.I,148.--bhāva state of being a monk,monkhood,bhikkhuship D.I,176; Sn.p.102; --saṅgha the community of bhikkhus,the Order of friars D.III,208; Sn.403,1015; Sn.p.101,102; Miln.209; PvA.19 sq.& passim.(Page 504)

◎ Pali-Dictonary from VRI

Bhikkhu

bhikkhu:A beggar; a mendicant friar; a Buddhist monk

◎ Pali Viet Dictionary

Bhikkhu

BHIKKHU:[m] tỳ khưu --nī [f] tỳ khưu ni --bhāva [m] bản chất thầy tu --saṅgha [m] nhóm chư Tăng

◎ Pali Viet Vinaya Terms

Bhikkhu

bhikkhu:thường được phiên âm là tỳ khưu (hay tỳ khiêu,tỳ khâu,tỷ khưu,bật-xô),nghĩa đen là người khất thực để sống Ở nghĩa chuyên môn,đây là giới phẩm cao nhất trong phật giáo người muốn thọ giới tỳ khưu (gồm điều) phải ít nhất hai mươi tuổi đời và không có vấn đề về nhân thân sau khi tu được năm năm,nếu thông thuộc kinh luật,có thể sống riêng một mình khi được mười năm tu,có thể làm thầy truyền giới cho người khác xuất gia hay làm y-chỉ-sư cho người khác nương cậy về tinh thần

◎ Pali Viet Abhi- Terms

Bhikkhu

bhikkhu:vị tỳ khưu,vị tỳ kheo

◎ Tipiṭaka Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary

Bhikkhu

bhikkhu:ဘိကၡဳ(ပု)
[ဘိကၡ+႐ူ။ ကစၥည္း။ ၅၃၅။ ဘိဒိ+႐ူ။ ဘီ+ဣကၡ+႐ူ။ ကိေလေသ ဘိႏၵတီတိဘိကၡဳ။ ဆိႏၷဘိႏၷပ၃ဓေရာတိပိ ဘိကၡဳ၊ ဘိကၡနသီေလာတိပိ ဘိကၡဳ။ သံသာေရ ဘယံ ဣကၡတိ,ဣကၡနသီေလာတိ ဝါ ဘိကၡဳ။ နီတိ၊ ဓာ။ ၃၆၉။ အဘိ၊ ဝိ။ ၂၅၄။ ဝိ၊ ႒၊ ၁။ ၂ဝ၄။ သံ၊ ႒၊ ၁။ ၂၄၄။ အဘိ၊ ႒၊ ၂။ ၃၁၆။ ဝိသုဒၶိ၊ ၁။ ၃။ ေပတ၊ ႒။ ၄၈။ ေနတၱိ၊ ႒။ ၄၂။ ထီ-၌ဘိကၡဳနီ (ဘိကၡဳသံ)]
ရဟန္း။

◎ U Hau Sein’s Pāḷi-Myanmar Dictionary

Bhikkhu

bhikkhu:ဘိကၡဳ (ပ) (√ဘိကၡ္+ဥ)
ရဟန္း။ ရဟန္းေယာက်္ား။

与 bhikkhu 相似的巴利词:

abhabbaṭṭhānabhikkhutā

abhabbaṭṭhānabhikkhutā

ābhidhammikabhikkhu

ābhidhammikabhikkhu

ābhidhammikabhikkhu

abhikkhu

abhikkhu

abhikkhuka

abhikkhuka

abhikkhuka

abhikkhukāvāsa

abhikkhukāvāsa

abhikkhukāvāsa

abhikkhukāvāsaṭṭhāna

abhikkhukāvāsaṭṭhāna

abhikkhukavihāra

abhikkhukavihāra

abhikkhunī

abhikkhunī

abhikkhunisaññī

abhikkhunisaññī

abhikkhutā

abhikkhutā

abhikkhutāpaṭiññā

abhikkhutāpaṭiññā

abhiññātabhikkhu

abhiññātabhikkhu

abhiramaṇabhikkhu

abhiramaṇabhikkhu

abhiramitabhikkhu

abhiramitabhikkhu

āgantukabhikkhu

āgantukabhikkhu

āgantukabhikkhu

āgatabhikkhu

āgatabhikkhu

alasabhikkhu

alasabhikkhu

ālasiyabhikkhu

ālasiyabhikkhu

amūlacchedakatabhikkhu

amūlacchedakatabhikkhu

anabhiratabhikkhu

anabhiratabhikkhu

anabhiratabhikkhuvatthu

anabhiratabhikkhuvatthu

anikkhittavattabhikkhu

anikkhittavattabhikkhu

aññatara-bhikkhu sutta

aññatarabhikkhuvatthu

aññatarabhikkhuvatthu

aññataraukkaṇṭhitabhikkhuvatthu

aññataraukkaṇṭhitabhikkhuvatthu

apaṇḍitabhikkhu

apaṇḍitabhikkhu

aparicchinnakamahābhikkhusaṃgha

aparicchinnakamahābhikkhusaṃgha

aparimāṇabhikkhuparivāra

aparimāṇabhikkhuparivāra

appabhikkhuka

appabhikkhuka

appabhikkhukatta

appabhikkhukatta

appabhikkhuko

appassutamahallakabhikkhu

appassutamahallakabhikkhu

āraddhabhikkhu

āraddhabhikkhu

arahattappattabhikkhu

arahattappattabhikkhu

ariṭṭhabhikkhu

ariṭṭhabhikkhu

ariyabhikkhu

ariyabhikkhu

asampattabhikkhu

asampattabhikkhu

asaññatabhikkhu

asaññatabhikkhu

asāruppabhikkhu

asāruppabhikkhu

asekkhabhikkhu

asekkhabhikkhu

asītibhikkhusahassa

asītibhikkhusahassa

asītibhikkhusatasahassa

asītibhikkhusatasahassa

aṭṭhasaṭṭhibhikkhusahassa

aṭṭhasaṭṭhibhikkhusahassa

aṭṭhasaṭṭhibhikkhusatasahassa

aṭṭhasaṭṭhibhikkhusatasahassa

avasesabhikkhu

avasesabhikkhu

āvāsikabhikkhu

āvāsikabhikkhu

avassikabhikkhukāla

avassikabhikkhukāla

bahubhaṇḍikabhikkhu

bahubhaṇḍikabhikkhu

bahussutabhikkhu

bahussutabhikkhu

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